A_TeamCurious In: 1. Financial Accounting > Accounting Terms & Basics What is a non-current asset? What is a non-current asset? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent Akash Kumar AK 2022-11-26T08:06:11+00:00Added an answer on November 26, 2022 at 8:06 am This answer was edited. Generally, Assets are classified into two types. Non-Current Assets Current Assets Non-Current Asset Noncurrent assets are also known as Fixed assets. These assets are an organization’s long-term investments that are not easily converted to cash or are not expected to become cash within an accounting year. In general terms, In accounting, fixed assets are assets that cannot be converted into cash immediately. They are primarily tangible assets used in production having a useful life of more than one accounting period. Unlike current assets or liquid assets, fixed assets are for the purpose of deriving long-term benefits. Unlike other assets, fixed assets are written off differently as they provide long-term income. They are also called “long-lived assets” or “Property Plant & Equipment”. Examples of Fixed Assets Land Land improvement (e.g. irrigation) Building Building (work in progress) Machinery Vehicles Furniture Computer hardware Computer software Office equipment Leasehold improvements (e.g. air conditioning) Intangible assets like trademarks, patents, goodwill, etc. (non-current assets) Valuation of Fixed asset fixed assets are recorded at their net book value, which is the difference between the “historical cost of the asset” and “accumulated depreciation”. “Net book value = Historical cost of the asset – Accumulated depreciation” Example: Hasley Co. purchases Furniture for their company at a price of 1,00,000. The Furniture has a constant depreciation of 10,000 per year. So, after 5 years, the net book value of the computer will be recorded as 1,00,000 – (5 x 10,000) = 50,000. Therefore, the furniture value should be shown as 50,000 on the balance sheet. Presentation in the Balance Sheet Both current assets and non-current assets are shown on the asset side(Right side) of the balance sheet. Difference between Current Asset and Non-Current Asset Current assets are the resources held for a short period of time and are mainly used for trading purposes whereas Fixed assets are assets that last for a long time and are acquired for continuous use by an entity. The purpose to spend on fixed assets is to generate income over the long term and the purpose of the current assets is to spend on fixed assets to generate income over the long term. At the time of the sale of fixed assets, there is a capital gain or capital loss but at the time of the sale of current assets, there is an operating gain or operating loss. The main difference between the fixed asset and current asset is, although both are shown in the balance sheet fixed assets are depreciated every year and it is valued by (the cost of the asset – depreciation) and current asset is valued as per their current market value or cost value, whichever is lower. 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions What are some examples of deferred revenue expenses? Are brands intangible assets? What comes in debit side of Realisation account? What is recorded in the Realisation account? What is not included in Realisation account? What is recorded on the credit side of a Realisation account? Can accounts payable have a debit balance?