Provisional financial statements are prepared on the basis of past data i.e. for the period which is already over. For example, the bank requested for Q4 financial statement but there were still 15 days left for the quarter to get over. In this case, the business/company will prepare a provisional fRead more
Provisional financial statements are prepared on the basis of past data i.e. for the period which is already over. For example, the bank requested for Q4 financial statement but there were still 15 days left for the quarter to get over. In this case, the business/company will prepare a provisional financial statement.
Provisional financial statements can be requested by banks, investors, and large vendors while making decisions regarding business and want current financial statements which can be obtained easily.
It is prepared with the help of past actual figures on a particular date or before the end of a financial statement. The main purpose of preparing is to show the company’s financial position on a particular date. Items of the provisional financial statement are assets, liabilities, and equity/capital.See less
Revenue also called income is nothing but the income generated by individuals or businesses from the sale of goods or investing capital or assets. Some examples of revenue are as follows:- Sales revenue Dividend received Interest earned Rent received Commission 1. SALES REVENUE Sales revenueRead more
Revenue also called income is nothing but the income generated by individuals or businesses from the sale of goods or investing capital or assets. Some examples of revenue are as follows:-
1. SALES REVENUE
Sales revenue is the income received by the individual or business by selling its product or provision of services. the words “sale” and “revenue” are used interchangeably to mean the same thing. It is to be noted that revenue does not necessarily mean it has been received in cash, it can be partly in cash or partly on credit also.
How to calculate sales revenue?
SALES REVENUE = NO. OF UNITS SOLD * AVERAGE PRICE PER UNIT
For example:- Amazon sold 4000 units of shirts @ 500 each. Therefore sales revenue for amazon is
Sales revenue = 4000 * 500
Treatment of sales revenue in the financial statement, since sales are part of a trading account and appear on the credit side of the trading account.
2. DIVIDEND RECEIVED
Naina, this can be explained in simple terms. Suppose you own shares of a company which declares dividend so the dividend received is income for you. Since it does not reduce the assets of a company nor creates a liability it is shown as income and posted on the credit side of profit & loss A/c.
Let me give you a short example of a dividend received, suppose you own 1000 shares of ABC.ltd. the company at the quarter-end calculate its earnings and decides to declare a dividend of Rs 5 per share. Therefore you would receive 1000* 5 i.e Rs 5000 as dividend income.
3. INTEREST INCOME EARNED
Interest income is the earnings the entity receives on any investments made. To be more precise it is money earned by an individual or business for lending their fund either by putting them as deposit in the bank. It is shown on the credit side of the profit & loss A/c.
A very simple example for interest earned is when a business or an individual deposits money in the bank as savings and decided not to touch it for the coming years then such a depositor will gain interest on such savings by the bank. such type of income so received is treated as interest received and shown as income in the profit & loss A/c.
3. RENT RECEIVED
When money is received by the business for exchange of use of assets of the business by the other person, then it will be called rent received. Rent can be received by the business firm in respect of land, building, machinery, etc. As rent received is income for the business firm, it is shown on the credit side of profit & loss A/c.
For example, X. ltd received Rs 20,000 via cash on one of its properties to Mr. Z. Then rent so received shall be treated as income in the books of ABC. ltd and same shall be treated as income and shown in the profit & loss statement.
Summarised extract of profit & loss account is shown below for dividend received, Rent received and interest earned.