- Wages Outstanding
- Wages and Salaries
- Director’s Remuneration
- Advance Payment of Wages
- All of the Above
Which of the following is debited to trading account?
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The correct answer is option B. Wages and salaries are debited to the trading account.
The trading account helps us to determine the Gross Profit Or Loss that a company earns or incurs by carrying on its core manufacturing or trading activities.
Let us discuss the above items and their treatments in the final accounts one at a time:
Firstly, “wages outstanding” is not debited into the trading account. It is a liability that is shown in the balance sheet.
Outstanding wages imply remuneration due to be paid to the workers for the services they have already rendered to the business.
Since the company has already received the service, it becomes a legal obligation for it to pay the wages to the workers for those services. Hence, outstanding wages are a liability.
Wages and Salaries
Wages and Salaries are debited to the trading account.
Wages Vs Salaries
Let us understand the difference between wages and salaries. Wages are the regular payments that are made daily, weekly or fortnightly. Such payments are mostly made to factory workers.
Salaries, on the other hand, are assumed to imply the remuneration paid to office workers and sales staff.
Wages are debited to the trading account, while salaries are debited to the Profit and Loss account.
No, the director’s remuneration is not debited to the trading account. This is because director’s generation is a business expense. It is a kind of salary provided to the director for the services rendered by him to the company.
Directors’ remuneration refers to compensation the company gives to its directors for the services rendered. It is debited to the Profit and Loss Account.
Advance Payment of Wages
No, advance payment of wages is not debited to a trading account. It is shown by reducing it to wages. Advance payment of wages implying paying remuneration to the workers before the commencement of the period for which the wages relate to.
However, one must note that if both wages and prepaid wages appear within the trial balance, then only the figure written against wages would appear in the trading account. There would be no treatment for prepaid wages.
Let us consider a scenario where wages of amount 5,000 is appearing inside trial balance. Outside the trial balance, the following information is provided
In the above case, the total wages to be debited to the trading account would be 5,000 + 1,000 – 2,000 = 4,000
Significance of the Final Accounts