Jayesh GuptaCurious In: 1. Financial Accounting > Financial Statements What is credit side of trading account? What is credit side of trading account? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent Kajal 2023-09-22T16:44:47+00:00Added an answer on September 22, 2023 at 4:44 pm This answer was edited. Trading A/c is a Nominal A/c which follows the rule “Debit the expenses and losses, Credit the incomes and gains” So, the Credit side of Trading A/c shows income from the sale of goods. It includes Sales, Closing stock (if adjustment for it has not been made yet) and Gross Loss (if any). TRADING ACCOUNT Trading A/c is prepared for calculating the Gross Profit or Gross Loss arising from the trading activities of a business. Trading activities are mostly related to buying and selling of goods. However, in between buying and selling, a lot of activities are involved like transportation, warehousing, etc. So, all the expenses that are directly related to manufacturing or purchase of goods are also recorded in the Trading A/c. CREDIT SIDE OF TRADING ACCOUNT It includes, SALES – When goods are sold to earn a profit, it is called sales. It can be cash sales or credit sales. Suppose you are in the business of manufacturing and trading shirts. You sold shirts worth $ 20,000 during the year. This $20,000 is your sales. SALES RETURN – When the goods sold by you are returned by the customer, it is known as sales return. Sales return is deducted from the sales. Continuing with the above example, the customers returned shirts of $1,000 because they didn’t like them. This return is known as sales return or return inward (as goods are coming back i.e. in) CLOSING STOCK – Stock is nothing but goods that are either obtained for resale or manufactured for sale and are yet unsold on any particular date. The value of stock at the beginning of an accounting year is called Opening stock while the value of the stock at the end of an accounting year is called Closing stock. Closing stock is valued at cost price or market price whichever is less. It includes, Closing stock of raw materials Closing stock of semi-finished goods Closing stock of finished goods For example – On 31st March 2023, there was unused raw material worth $1,000 and shirts worth $5,000 remained unsold. So, we have Closing Stock of Raw material – $1,000 Closing Stock of Finished Goods – $5,000 Normally, the closing stock is given outside the Trial Balance because its valuation is made after accounts have been closed. It is incorporated in the books by transferring it to the Trading A/c. So, it is shown on the credit side of Trading A/c as well as on the assets side of the Balance sheet. However, if the closing stock is given inside the Trail Balance, it means that the closing stock must have already been deducted from the Purchases account. So, closing stock will only be shown on the assets side of the Balance sheet. GROSS LOSS – If purchases and direct expenses exceed sales, then it is a Gross loss. In other words, when Debit side > credit side. DEBIT SIDE OF TRADING ACCOUNT It includes OPENING STOCK – The value of the stock at the beginning of an accounting year is called Opening stock. The closing stock of the last year becomes the opening stock of the current year. PURCHASES – Goods that have been bought for resale or raw materials purchased for the manufacturing of the product are terms as Purchases. These goods must be related to the business you are doing. It includes cash as well as credit Purchases. PURCHASES RETURN – When goods bought are returned to the suppliers due to any reason. This is known as Purchase return. Purchase return is deducted from the Purchases. WAGES – Wages are paid to the workers who are directly engaged in the loading, unloading and production of goods. CARRIAGE or CARRIAGE INWARDS or FREIGHT – It refers to the cost of transporting goods from the supplier. MANUFACTURING EXPENSES – All expenses incurred in the manufacture of goods such as Coal, Gas, Fuel, Water, Power, Factory rent, Factory lighting etc. DOCK CHARGES – These are charged by port authorities when unloading goods at a dock or wharf. Such charges paid in connection with goods purchased are considered direct expenses and are debited to Trading a/c. IMPORT DUTY or CUSTOM DUTY – It is a tax collected on imports and specific exports by a country’s customs authorities. If import duty is paid on the import of goods, then they are shown on the Dr. side of the Trading A/c. ROYALTY – Royalty refers to the amount paid for the use of assets belonging to another person. It includes royalty for the use of intangible assets, such as copyrights, trademarks, or franchisee agreements. It is also paid for the use of natural resources, such as mining leases. Royalty is charged to the Trading A/c as it increases the cost of production. GROSS PROFIT – When sales exceed the amount of purchases and the expenses directly connected with such purchases i.e. when Credit side> Debit side. 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions What are some examples of deferred revenue expenses? Are brands intangible assets? What comes in debit side of Realisation account? What is recorded in the Realisation account? What is not included in Realisation account? What is recorded on the credit side of a Realisation account? Can accounts payable have a debit balance?