Manvi In: 1. Financial Accounting > Journal Entries What is the journal entry for bad debts? What is the journal entry for bad debts? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent Karan B.com and Pursuing ACCA 2021-08-09T10:24:43+00:00Added an answer on August 9, 2021 at 10:24 am This answer was edited. Bad Debt is the amount that is irrecoverable from the debtors. It is the portion of the receivables. It includes two accounts “Bad Debts A/c” and “Debtors A/c or Accounts Receivable A/c”. The amount cannot be recovered by the debtor for reasons like the debtor is no longer in the position to pay off the debt or has become insolvent. There are two methods to write off bad debts: Direct Method Allowance for Doubtful Debts 1. Direct Method: In this method, the amount of bad debts is directly deducted from the total receivables and the second effect is transferred to the debit side of Profit and Loss A/c as an expense. The journal entry for bad debts as per modern rules of accounting is as follows: Bad Debts A/c Debit Increase in expenses To Accounts Receivable A/c Credit Decrease in assets (Being bad debts written off ) Journal entry for transferring bad debts to profit and loss account: Profit and Loss A/c Debit To Bad Debts A/c Credit (Being bad debts transferred to profit and loss a/c ) For example, A Ltd had a total receivable of Rs.2,50,000 and bad debts for the period amounted to Rs.10,000. Here, the journal entries will be: Bad Debts A/c Debit 10,000 To Accounts Receivable A/c Credit 10,000 (Being bad debts written off ) Profit and Loss A/c Debit 10,000 To Bad Debts A/c Credit 10,000 (Being bad debts transferred to profit and loss a/c ) 2. Allowance for Doubtful Debts: In this method allowance is the estimation of the debts which is doubtful to be paid. The company creates a reserve for such debts which are uncollectible. Firstly, the company will create a reserve which will be based on the accounts receivable. The journal entry will be: Bad Debts A/c Debit To Allowance for Doubtful Debts A/c Credit (Being allowance for doubtful debts created) When a specific receivable is uncollectible it will be charged as an expense, and Allowance for Doubtful Debts will be “Debited” and Accounts Receivable will be “Credited”. Allowance for Doubtful Debts A/c Debit To Accounts Receivable A/c Credit (Being bad debts written off) For example, Mr.B sold goods worth Rs.15,000 to Mr.D. He creates an allowance of Rs.15,000 in case Mr.D fails to pay the amount. At the end of the period, Mr.D defaults and does not pay the debt. In this case, Mr.B will first record the journal entry for allowance and then will write off Mr.D’s account. Bad Debts A/c 15,000 To Allowance for Doubtful Debts A/c 15,000 (Being allowance of Rs.10,000 created for doubtful debts) Allowance for Doubtful Debts A/c 15,000 To Mr.D’s A/c 15,000 (Being Mr.D’s account written off) 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions What are some examples of deferred revenue expenses? Are brands intangible assets? What comes in debit side of Realisation account? What is recorded in the Realisation account? What is not included in Realisation account? What is recorded on the credit side of a Realisation account? Can accounts payable have a debit balance?