SidharthBadlani In: 1. Financial Accounting > Miscellaneous Is net profit an asset or liability? Is net profit an asset or liability? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent Ishika Pandey Curious ca aspirant 2023-02-05T12:58:18+00:00Added an answer on February 5, 2023 at 12:58 pm This answer was edited. Definition Net profit is defined as the excess of revenues over expenses during a particular period. For a business i.e. company/firm, it is a liability towards shareholders/promoters/partners/proprietors, etc. as it is their capital that has earned these profits. When the result of this computation is negative it is called a net loss. Net profit may be shown before or after tax. Formula : Total Revenues – Expenses Or Total Revenues – Total Cost ( Implicit And Explicit Cost ) Liabilities It means the amount owed (payable) by the business. liability towards the owners ( proprietor or partners ) of the business is termed an internal liability. On the other hand, liability towards outsiders, i.e., other than owners ( proprietors or partners ) is termed as an external liability. For example – taxes owned, trade payables, etc. For example creditors, bank overdrafts, etc. Assets An asset is a resource owned or controlled by a company and will benefit the business in current and future periods. In other words, it’s something that a company owns or controls and can use to generate profits today and in the future. For example – cash, building, etc. Why debtors are treated as a liability? Now let me explain to you why net profits are treated as a liability and not as an asset because of the following characteristics : • Net Profit shows the credit balance of the Profit And Loss Account. • It is treated directly in the balance sheet by adding or subtracting from the capital. • Net Profit is a measure of the profitability of the company after taking into consideration all costs incurred during the accounting period. • Net profit is the last line in an income statement and is the figure that concerns most people who use such a statement. • Net income is reported on the income statement (profit and loss account) and forms a key indicator of a company’s performance. Importance Of Net Profit Now I will let you know the importance of net profit which is as follows : Owners Net profit allows owners to calculate the tax to be paid and how much earnings need to be distributed to the business owners. Investors Investors need to see net profit as they need to access the risk before investing they basically judge the revenue-generating capacity of a firm based on net profit. Competitors For making the comparison competitors tend to look at the net profit of the company to know how are they performing in the industry so that they can build themselves strong. Creditors Creditors look at the net profit for the purpose of obtaining business loans or we can say that determines a prospective debtor’s capacity to pay future debts. Conclusion Now after the above explanation, we can say that, Net Profit is shown on the liability side as it belongs to shareholders so the company has to give it to shareholders so we are showing it under the liability side. Net Profit with respect to the company is a liability as it has to pay it to shareholders. Net Profit with respect to shareholders is an asset. 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions What are some examples of deferred revenue expenses? Are brands intangible assets? What comes in debit side of Realisation account? What is recorded in the Realisation account? What is not included in Realisation account? What is recorded on the credit side of a Realisation account? Can accounts payable have a debit balance?