AyushiCurious In: 4. Taxes & Duties > Income Tax What is Alternate Minimum Tax? What is Alternate Minimum Tax? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent AbhishekBatabyal Helpful Pursuing CA, BCOM (HONS) 2021-11-30T18:07:48+00:00Added an answer on November 30, 2021 at 6:07 pm This answer was edited. Brief Introduction Alternate Minimum Tax or AMT as the name suggests, is an alternate tax that an assessee has to pay, subject to certain conditions, instead of the income tax liability which is computed as per normal provisions of the Income-tax law. Alternate Minimum Tax is levied to impose higher tax liability on non-corporate assessees who have claimed various profit-link deductions or investment-linked deductions in the relevant previous year. My answer is based on the Indian Income law i.e. Income Tax Act, 1961. The concept behind Alternate Minimum Tax Let’s start our discussion with MAT i.e. Minimum Alternative Tax. It applies to corporate entities or companies. Before MAT, it was seen that companies used to declare huge dividends to their shareholders. But when it came to filing income tax returns, they used to claim various profit linked and investment-linked deductions to report very low profits and even losses to arrive at negligible tax or nil tax whereas their financial statements would report huge profits. It is true that the government provides such profit linked or investment linked deductions to encourage business and investments, but it also needs a sufficient and regular flow of revenue in the form of tax to fund its expenditure. Hence, to prevent misuse of deductions to evade taxes by corporates, government introduce Minimum Alternate Tax to charge such assessees a minimum rate of tax. Alternate Minimum Tax is the same as Minimum Alternate Tax in terms of concept. The provisions related to AMT are given under section 115JC of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Scope of AMT as per section 115JC Alternate Minimum Tax applies to all non-corporate assessees who claimed have claimed Deduction claimed if any under Chapter VI-A from section 80H to 80RRB except section 80P Exemption under section 10AA Deduction under section 35AD (Investment-linked deduction) However, there is a threshold limit for certain non-corporates. By non-corporate assessees we mean: Individual Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) Firms (partnership firms) Co-operative societies Association of Persons (AOP) Body of Individuals (BOI) Artificial Juridical Person (AJP) Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) AMT is applicable to all except Individuals HUF AOP BOP Artificial Juridical Person If their total adjusted income does not exceed Rs 20,00,000 in the previous year. Therefore, AMT is applicable to all other non-corporate assessees like LLP, firms and cooperative societies irrespective of their total adjusted income. Calculation of Alternate Minimum Tax The rate of AMT is 18.5% of the adjusted total income. This adjusted total income and the AMT on it is calculated in the following manner: The higher of the following becomes the tax liability of the assessee: Alternate Minimum Tax calculated on adjustment income plus surcharges u/s 87A (4% Health and education cess) Income Tax calculated on taxable income (as per normal provisions) Numerical example Mr X is a businessman who has earned the following income and expenditure in P.Y 2020-2021: (Amount in Rupees) Income from manufacturing business 25,00,000 Interest on saving bank account 8,000 Dividend from ABC ltd 10,000 Insurance premium paid 1,00,000 Capital expenditure made as per section 35AD 5,00,000 Mr X is eligible to claim a profit linked deduction of Rs 6,00,000. Also, the depreciation allowed (other than under 35AD) as per Income-tax Act,1961 amounts to Rs. 3,00,000. Following is his computation of both AMT and Income tax liability as per normal provisions. 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions What is composite supply and mixed supply? What is the concept of supply in GST? What are the steps involved in computation of income tax as per the Income tax act, 1961? What is reverse charge in GST? Is agricultural income taxable in India? How to determine residential status of an individual as per Income Tax Act, 1961? What is advance tax?