AbhishekBatabyalHelpful In: 3. Cost & Mgmt Accounting What is Activity Based Costing? What is Activity Based Costing? Share Facebook You must login to add an answer. Username or email* Password* Captcha* Remember Me! Forgot Password? Need An Account, Sign Up Here 1 Answer Voted Recent PriyanshiGupta Graduated, B.Com 2021-11-27T08:32:26+00:00Added an answer on November 27, 2021 at 8:32 am This answer was edited. Activity-based costing (ABC) is a system used to find production costs. It breaks down overhead costs between production-related activities and other activities. The ABC system assigns costs to each activity that goes into production, such as workers testing a product. ABC is based on the principle that ‘products consume activities.’ Traditional cost systems allocate costs based on direct labor, material costs, revenue, or other simplistic methods. As a result, traditional systems tend to over-cost high volume products, services, and customers; and under-cost low volume. Hence, Activity Based Costing was developed for determining the cost. The basic feature of ABC is its focus on activities. It uses activities as the basis for determining the costs of products or services. Activity-Based Costing is mostly used in manufacturing industries, however, its application is not only limited to that. Various industries like, construction, health care, medical organizations also use this method of assigning costs. Industries where customized products are made also tend to use such methods as it is easier to charge appropriate overhead costs from the customer. Objectives of Activity-Based Costing: Companies adopt ABC to assign cost elements to the products, activities, or services so that it helps the management to decide: which cost can be eliminated or cut back which products are unprofitable if a product is over-priced or under-priced if any activity is ineffective various processing of the same product to yield better results Advantages of Activity Based Costing are: it takes into consideration both direct and overhead costs of creating a product. it recognizes the fact that different products require different indirect expenses. it sets prices more accurately. it helps to see what overhead cost the company might be able to cut back on. it helps to segregate fixed costs, variable cost, and overhead cost which helps to identify “cost drivers”. it focuses on cost allocation in operational management. Before implementing ABC, a company should consider the following: manually driven Activity Based Accounting cost derivers is an inefficient use of resources. it is an expensive method and it is difficult to implement for small gains, there are alternative costing methods available for a company to use. Formula= Total Cost Pool / Cost Driver For example: For a company, the salary for workers is Rs 1,00,000 for a financial year, the number of labor hours worked is 50,00 hrs. The cost driver rate is calculated by dividing the workers’ salary by the labor hours worked, that is, Salary of the workers / Number of labor hours Rs 1,00,000 / 50,000 hrs = Rs 2 per labor hour. In the above example, the salary of the workers is the total cost pool or the overhead cost for which we want to find the cost driver rate and labor hours is the cost driver, that is, on the basis of what we want to find the rate. 0 Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Related Questions Can anyone tell me the meaning of terms "cost driver" & "cost center"?